Joint Transportation Committee

​​​Nondrivers: Population, Demographics, and Analysis

​Nondrivers: Population, Demographics, and Analysis

The Washington State Legislature has directed the Joint Transportation Committee (JTC) to conduct a study on Nondrivers in Washington State. The study will identify and analyze the demographics of Washington (WA) State Nondrivers and how current transportation infrastructure and services serve nondrivers throughout the state. The final report is due to the transportation committees of the legislature by February 1, 2023. The JTC has contracted with Toole Design to conduct this study. 

The specific elements of the study include:

  • ​Research and summarize current data on the number and characteristics of nondrivers.

  • Identify the types of transportation utilized by nondrivers, the availability of these options throughout the state (at least at the county level), and the cost to utilize these options.

  • ​Conduct a statewide survey to determine the reasons people do not drive; the demographics of nondrivers; and available transportation options for nondrivers, as well as the impact those options have on their access to services, economic opportunity, recreation, education, and other aspects of community life 

  • ​Create a dataset from the information gained through research and the survey, and analyze the availability of transportation options for nondrivers throughout the state. The analysis must also evaluate the impact those options have on daily life for people around the state. 

Presented at JTC Meeting 10-4-22:
Nondrivers: Population, Demographics and Analysis Study Overview​    

Presented at JTC Meeting 12-15-22:
Nondrivers: Population, Demographics and Analysis Study Update​  ​   

Final Report - Nondrivers: Population, Demographics, and Analysis        

Final Report Appendices - Nondrivers Study​    

Nondriver population in Washington State webmap    
Distribution of daily life activities in Washington State webmap​     
Access to daily life activities by mode of transportation webmap​     
Navigation overview webmap​     

How large is the nondriver population?

Nondrivers include people of all backgrounds and abilities such as aging adults, youth, students, recent immigrants, low-income individuals, those with physical, mental, intellectual, or developmental disabilities, and people who prefer not to drive. Current estimates on Nondrivers indicate approximately twenty-five percent of WA State's population and about one-third of the national population do not drive.


​If you have questions about this study, please contact:

Alyson Cummings, JTC Staff,

Paul Neal, JTC Staff,

Manuel Soto, Toole Design,